often beginner breeders will come to me, pedigree in hand and ask me for
advice about breeding their "little girl". There is no way to
evaluate a Pedigree properly because it is impossible for me to
know the genetic make-up of any of the ancestors. So
I decided to offer some explanations of our breeding
INBREEDING "The inter-breeding of
closely related individuals esp. to preserve and fix desirable
characters of and to eliminate unfavorable characters from a
stock" Quoted from 'The Merriam Webster Dictionary'
LINE BREEDING "The inbreeding of
animals descended from an ancestor having some desirable
characteristics which it is wished to strengthen and
perpetuate" Quoted from 'The New Lexicon Webster's
As you can see from the dictionary quotes,
inbreeding and line breeding are actually the same thing. The
use of ancestors to perpetuate or eliminate characteristics.
Out breeding is used to gain characteristics your stock lacks
or to hide detrimental characteristics your stock has.
Is the use of related individuals in a breeding program
used such as father/daughter, mother/son, brother/sister,
grandfather/granddaughter, grandmother/grandson, this is
Inbreeding is used to establish type, I.E., when an
exemplary individual comes close to your 'ideal' of the
perfect cocker you might inbred to that cocker to create
puppies with similar type to use in your future breeding
You might use inbreeding to establish a specific color or
coat pattern such as breeding a non brown bitch back to her
brown father to produce brown puppies.
You can, also, use inbreeding to check your stock for
detrimental recessive genes.
The difference between the use of the terms inbreeding and
line breeding is that inbreeding is usually thought of as
coming from one side of the pedigree, but line breeding comes
from both sides such as both parents having the same dog in
their background, in reality they are the same. They are the
accumulation of homozygous genes. The only, per se, thing to
be concerned with in inbreeding is loss of vigor.
Inbreeding can be used for many purposes, specific traits
such as color, length of ears, size of feet and bone, neck,
etc, any good reason. But inbreeding just because they are
handy is never a reason to inbred. This will bring down your
quality and stamp it on succeeding generations.
Inbreeding can be used to bring up the quality of your
breeding stock but line breeding will maintain it. This means
a closed breeding group all future breeding animals are
selected from within a related group.
All of these methods of breeding must be done with caution
and careful selection of future breeding stock.
Out breeding is dangerous when traits both visible and
those inherent in the mating pair's ancestors are not
A breeder is gambling when he makes an outcross breeding..
An out cross breeding is when there is no common ancestor
in four or at least 5 generations.
is not my intention to promote any particular method of breeding, or my
intention to de-value any other breeders philosophy. My only purpose for
including this information is to assure you and explain why we have devoted
years to develop our breeding program.
results of our program (our type* of shih tzu's) can be predicted more
then the average breeder. Few breeders do more then mate mama to papa hoping
for results with no scientific reason behind the hope.
one criteria used by any experienced breeder is "selectivity",
this does not mean that an exceptional looking female bred to an
exceptional looking male with nothing behind them (ancestors) in sufficient
strength to dominate, can be expected to produce as well as another pair
who has a family tree line-bred upon superior quality.
purpose of line breeding is to acquire the best possible puppies from
our matings. No other method of breeding equals this for intensifying
bloodlines and making the best use of exceptional individuals.
always consider it as absolute that "Like produces Like".
Champion Pedigrees can be impressive to the puppy purchaser, when
breeders turn this into their main objective without consideration to
the strength of the bloodline, they succeed only in producing a jumble
characteristics both good and bad exist in various degrees in different
dogs, a responsible breeder strives to secure and retain only the
desirable characteristics. This can best be accomplished by
line-breeding in my opinion.
( A strain within a breed)
type of Shih Tzu we produce consistently, is:
No matter what
YOUR preferences are, here are some questions to ask the breeder of the
puppy you fall in love with.
What are they breeding for? (Example= health, color, size, confirmation,
What method do they use to achieve these results?
How many ancestors possess the traits you are looking for.
conscientious breeder will be glad to explain their breeding program to
your new Shih Tzu is an investment in love and companionship for many,
many years, you have a right to expect to get what you are looking for
in your new best friend!
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